ASP.NET Routing in Windows Azure Using WebForms

[Update: If you are using ASP.NET 4 and .NET 4, Microsoft has added direct, built-in support into the Page class (the foundational class for WebForms pages). See Scott Guthrie’s post on this topic: URL Routing with ASP.NET 4 Web Forms (VS 2010 and .NET 4.0 Series).]

I’m a huge fan of ASP.NET Routing. It gained popularity as the part of ASP.NET MVC which channels requests for a given URL to the right controller action. In a wise move, Microsoft moved the routing infrastructure out of ASP.NET MVC and into its own assembly with the release of .NET 3.5 SP1.

With ASP.NET Routing you can construct search engine optimized and human friendly URLs such as these:

Here part of the URL (tag or user) selects the page and part of the URL (everything or codinghorror) are effectively query parameters to the page.

This is well documented in the ASP.NET MVC world running on your server – you can’t get anything done without it in MVC. But what about Windows Azure? What if you don’t want ASP.NET MVC? What if you’re a traditional type of person and want all the goodness that comes with what is now called ASP.NET WebForms (aka “normal ASP.NET”)?

In this brief post, I’ll cover how to use ASP.NET routing and ASP.NET WebForms in Azure. The sample project can be downloaded if you want to follow along. Phil Haack has
written a good post on using routing alongside ASP.NET WebForms so I won’t cover too much background information.

How does this change for Azure?

The short answer is that it doesn’t. If you get routing working for IIS 7 in your web app, you can effectively deploy it to Azure. But the steps always felt convoluted to me when reading others’ write-ups on this. So let’s run through converting a Windows Azure Web Role  essentially a “stock” ASP.NET WebForms app) to use routing in Azure.

First you’ll need the Azure SDK and Visual Studio tools:

  1. Next, create a new solution in Visual Studio by choosing Cloud Service->Web and Worker Cloud Service.
  2. Add a new Global.asax file to your web role project.
  3. Add a reference to System.Web.Routing and System.Web.Abstractions in your web role project.
  4. Define a custom class that derives from IRouteHandler which will map URL parameters into the HttpContext for use in your pages:
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